The minaret in its famous spiral shape, in the form of Al-Malwiya of Samarra, was built outside the enclosure wall opposite the Qibla. Ahmad ibn Tulun (Arabic: أحمد بن طولون ‎, romanized: Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn‎; ca. It was built on the site of present-day Cairo and includes a mosque surrounded by three outer ziyādah s, or courtyards. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. Mosque of Ibn Tulun. He argues that firstly, it is well known that Ibn Tulun lived in Samarra all his youth and he was clearly influenced by its prestige especially its Great Mosque of Al-Mutawakkil (848 CE). The floor plan of the mosque assumes the form of … These piers were decorated at the corners with built in columns made of brick and plaster. This was the first use of piers outside Samarra. Figure 3. We'll assume you're ok with this, but you can opt-out if you wish. Ces arcades à ogive inspireront 200 ans plus tard celles des églises gothiques. Shortly thereafter, by refusing to send the annual tribute to the Abbasid court, he established himself as an independent ruler of the province. Visit to Ahmed Ibn Tulun Mosque with Deena Younis. Elements such as the pointed arch, the pier, and wall battlements formed the essential ingredients of the birth of Gothic architecture, which led Europe to the Renaissance. In addition to its historic importance, Ibn Tulun mosque is considered as one of the leading buildings to have a significant impact on the development of architecture beyond the Muslim boundaries. The area reserved for prayer is rectangular in shape and measures about 137 m. x 118 m. The general design features an open court or central square (sahn) that is … The Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun is one of the most important architectural monuments of Cairo and of the Islamic world as a whole. Mosque of Aḥmad ibn Ṭūlūn, huge and majestic red brick building complex built in 876 by the Turkish governor of Egypt and Syria. Un officier turc, Ahmed ibn Tulun, chargé de gouverner la province au nom d'un apanagiste de Bagdad, réussit à se constituer une armée et se déclara maître absolu. The location of the mosque, which intended for it to be the focal point of the city, is a hill known as “The Hill of Thanksgiving” and is said in one legend to be the resting place of Noah’s Ark as opposed to Mount Ararat. Mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun (Le Caire, Égypte) (anglais) Teyloun, gama (Le Caire, Égypte) Teyloun, gâma' (Le Caire, Égypte) Teyloun (Le Caire, Égypte) Touloun, gâma' (Le Caire, Égypte) Touloun, mosquée de (Le Caire, Égypte) Notices thématiques en relation (1 ressources dans data.bnf.fr) Termes plus larges (1) Mosquées -- Égypte. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). He was born in Baghdad, the son of a Turkish slave of Mongol origin owned by the Caliph, al-Ma'mun. Construction history. It was designed by the prominent Egyptian architect, Saiid Ibn Kateb Al-Farghany, who was a Christian Orthodox, the same engineer who designed the Nilometer. Along with all the tourist, there were numerous people praying. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Corrections? Such a number would be difficult to collect and transport. This is a category about a monument in Egypt identified by the ID He reported that Al-Qudhai narrated that Ibn Tulun asked for advice about: “the construction of a building that would stand the fire if the whole of Egypt was to be consumed by it, and stand a flood if the whole of Egypt was to be submerged by it.” He was told to build with plaster, ash and red brick, and not to erect any columns of marble as they do not stand well against fire. This mosque should occupy a prime position in the list of historic and architectural achievements of Muslim civilisation. Yalla, we will step towards the courtyards: Look at that, a splendid square space surrounded with elegant arcades of broad arches and heavy pillars while the roofed oratory of the mosque is divided by pillars into five long naves, originally ornamented with panels of carved wood. The location of the mosque, which intended for it to be the focal point of the city, is a hill known as “The Hill of Thanksgiving” and is said in one legend to be the resting place of Noah’s Ark as opposed to Mount Ararat. The Ibn TulunMosquewas completed in 879 AD on Mount Yashkur in a settlement named al-Qata'i by the founder of Egypt's Tulunid Dynasty(868-905 AD), Ahmad ibn Tulun. Originally a Turkic slave-soldier, in 868 Ibn Tulun was sent to Egypt as governor by the Abbasid caliph. Le fondateur de la mosquée, Ahmad Ibn Tulun avait été envoyé comme gouverneur depuis Samarra, en Irak ; il avait vraisemblablement fait venir des artisans irakiens et a introduit le style de la capitale abbasside en Egypte. Source: https://web.mit.edu/4.615/www/images/1017.html, Decorative elements of the Mosque and its contribution. Mosque of Ahmad Ibn Tulun Из отчета об экспедиции в Египет 2013. Located on Jebal Yashkur, the mosque was meant to serve as the main congregational mosque of ibn Tulun’s new administrative capital, al-Qata’i. Fikri quoted Al-Maqrizi himself, in the same source, reporting another different story about the circumstances of the construction of the Mosque. General view of the sahn (court), looking southwest; The mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun comprises a vast courtyard (92 x 92 m) surrounded by wooden-roofed arcades, five aisles deep on the qibla side and two on each of the other sides, the whole enclosed in a walled precinct (Arabic: ziyada; 122 x 140 m) on three sides. All Rights Reserved. The Mosque of Ibn Tulun (Arabic: مسجد إبن طولون‎, romanized: Masjid Ibn Ṭūlūn) is located in Cairo, Egypt.It is the oldest mosque in the city surviving in its original form, and is the largest mosque in Cairo in terms of land area. Vous remarquerez aussi les galeries à arcades et à plafonds de bois ciselé, notamment des versets du Coran. However, the mosque of Ibn Tulun remains the first building where the pointed arch was used constructively and systematically (Figure 4). (en-uk) The mosque of Ahmad ibn Tulun, governor of Egypt from 868 to 884. Western sources, quoting Al-Maqrizi, claim that the architect of the mosque was an Egyptian Christian who proposed to employ piers as a substitute for the large number of columns necessary to support the roof span of this mosque’s magnitude3. The Ibn Tulun Mosque is a huge and historic mosque in Cairo built by Ahmad Ibn Tulun. You also have the option to opt-out of these cookies. 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