Many are tall forest trees that are buttressed by great spreading roots; others are planted as ornamentals. Because the Indian Laurel needs a warm humid environment, cultivars of the Ficus microcarpa are popular as houseplants. Ficus is a pantropical genus of trees, shrubs, and vines occupying a wide variety of ecological niches; most are evergreen, but some deciduous species are endemic to areas outside of the tropics and to higher elevations. Phomopsis Fig trunks and branches often have thin bark and often droop as the trees or shrubs grow. Step 2 The best times to prune your ficus tree indoors is in spring and winter. However, if you wish, you can allow the Rubber plant to grow as high as 8 ft. (2.4 m) indoors. They are mostly evergreen trees, known for shedding leaves much like a deciduous tree during periods of drought. The long thin trunk can reach a height of up to 9.8 ft. (3 m) indoors. Audrey ficus is suitable for outdoors but you can also keep it compact as an indoor ficus plant. The Rubber plant (Ficus elastica), or Rubber tree, is a very popular species of leafy indoor plant from the ficus genus. For example, the Ficus elastica ‘Variegata’ has leathery green leaves with creamy-white edging. This species of ficus shrub-like tree grows outdoors to a height of around 6.5 ft. (2 m). Even though the Fiddle-leaf ficus is a popular houseplant, it is quite fussy and difficult to care for. The Creeping fig (Ficus pumila) is a type of woody creeping ficus vine that grows just as well indoors as it does outdoors. In this article, you will learn about the many types of ficus trees that can add glossy foliage to your home or garden. Judith Evans has been writing professionally since 2009, specializing in gardening and fitness articles. Planting in a container will also help to contain its height. Soil. benjamina, the weeping fig, was first introduced to Florida's nursery industry during the late 1950s and has since become the most popular interior tree. These long drooping leaves make an attractive feature of this plant. Ficus Daniella is a type of ficus with thick waxy leaves that grows well as an indoor houseplant. Pruning. The Indian Laurel is also a popular type of bonsai ficus miniature tree. Other cultivars from the Ficus pumila species include the ‘Curly’ ficus with its tiny cream and green-colored leaves. To keep a Weeping fig healthy, you should water it once a week so that the soil is moist. One of the good things about this variety of ficus houseplant is that it’s extremely easy to grow. This type of ficus has large green leaves and is a stunning indoor specimen plant. Some types of ficus plant grow well outdoors in warm conditions. Wood under the bark is black. lutchuensis Koidz. Because ficus trees are native to tropical and warm climates, they will only thrive in USDA hardiness zones 10 and 11. Otherwise all native Australian tree species are listed by common name in alphabetical order. So, creeping fig plants are good indoors in hanging baskets or on a shelf. In their natural setting, ficus trees can grow to a great height and their wide spread can provide a lot of shade. Light. This type of ficus has thick waxy leaves and in a nice oval shape. However, the thin woody stems can withstand plenty of pruning. Ficus flowers appear inside the receptacle and are extremely small. References: Barcode of Life Data System (BOLD) - Caution: Some specimens shown may not be sequenced.DNA barcode provides evidence of relatedness not proof of identification. Chinese Elm. Interactive key to the figs of Gunung Palung National Park, West Kalimantan, Indonesia (Borneo) by Timothy Laman and George Weiblen. As with many types of indoor ficus plants, moving its position and drafts can stress Weeping fig plant. Common fig (Ficus carica), on the other hand, has hairy, 10-inch leaves that have three to five lobes. Of these there are at least a dozen species and hundreds of varieties that are suitable for bonsai cultivation. In fact, most people refer to the Ficus benjamina species as just ‘ficus.’. The best place for an outdoors ficus tree is sheltered from the wind and direct sunlight. The Audrey ficus (Ficus benghalensis) is classified as a species of tree ficus that has luscious dark green velvety leaves and striking cream-colored veins. Ficus trees have fleshy, convex fruits, containing seeds in nut form. The figs include many broadleaf evergreen and deciduous trees, as well as shrubs and lianas. There are also various Ficus elastica cultivars that also make for beautiful ornamental houseplants. Ficus. The Ficus carica is the common fig tree and can be grown as an ornamental plant in temperate climates. Types of ficus trees include shrub-like plants, creeping vines, and woody trees. Ficus. They are generally fast-growing, very vigorous plants that can be invasive when growing conditions are ideal. However, it is sensitive to environmental changes and is best placed away from vents and drafts. The long spindly stems or trunks can be braided or pleated to form an attractive indoor ficus tree plant. Ficus carica is an Asian species of flowering plant in the mulberry family, known as the common fig.It is the source of the fruit also called the fig and as such is an important crop in those areas where it is grown commercially. Compared to other varieties of indoor and outdoor ficus trees, the Weeping fig has small leaves. This plant is unique among the Ficus in that is grows as a vine rather than a tree or shrub. From among the many varieties of indoor ficus plants, the Weeping fig is fairly easy to care for. Fig species are characterized by their unique inflorescence and distinctive pollination syndrome, which uses wasp species belonging to the family Agaonidae for pollination. Although fig trees can reach towering heights, they're often grown as much smaller houseplants. Identify the weeping fig tree (F. benjamina) by its weeping form, its smooth, gray bark and oval, large, leathery leaves, which are usually bright green but can be grayish-green or yellowish depending on the cultivated variety. Native primarily to tropical areas of East Asia, they are distributed throughout the world’s tropics. Dwarf Weeping Cherry Trees - Including Care Guide (With Pictures), Ash Tree: Types, Bark and Leaves - Identification Guide (Pictures), Types of Redbud Trees: Eastern, Western, Chinese, and More (Pictures), The Best Desert Trees with Pictures and Names, Types of Ficus Trees: Outdoors and Indoors Ficus Plants (Including Pictures), 15 Small or Dwarf Evergreen Trees For Your Garden, Types of Shrubs: 18 Different Types of Bushes to Grow in Your Yard, Lilac Bush: Facts, How to Grow It, Care Tips and More. It is also good to remember that some of these varieties of ficus trees make good indoor plants. Hardy in USDA zones 8 through 11, creeping fig (Ficus pumila) has heart-shaped, 1-inch-long, evergreen leaves. Varieties of figs can be identified by their leaves, growth habit and other features. Spots become brown and leaves fall. This article provides guidelines for the identification and treatment of diseases that may be encountered during the commercial production of ornamental Ficus. ), Eucalypts (Eucalyptus spp. Being easy to care for is one of the reasons why Audrey ficus plant is a good choice as a houseplant. The Mistletoe fig is a type of shrub with spreading nature. This is also called the Banana fig, Alii fig, or Banana-leaf ficus. One popular way to grow the Weeping fig is to braid its trunks. The large leaves of the fiddleleaf fig (F. lyrata) tend to give it a shape that branches less than other Ficus species when used as a houseplant. Ficus trees have had a significant influence on both cultural and religious practices and traditions. Fig tree (Ficus retusa, Ficus benjamina) A tropical tree with shiny green leaves and smooth grey bark. Some growers braid the multiple stems of container-grown weeping figs until the stems grow as a single trunk. One of the most popular trees for indoor bonsai, the Ficus genus consists of over 800 different species of evergreen trees, shrubs and woody climbers usually found in moist forests in tropical and sub-tropical areas of the world. It grows up to 3 metres tall which makes it a brilliant ornamental plant for rooms with tall ceilings. Status: Not Native, EPPC(II) Specimen: View details of USF Herbarium specimens This can help to keep your growing indoor tree to a reasonable height. Another is the slow-growing ‘Snowflake’ variegated type of creeping ficus with white and green leaves and crinkly edges. You can also grow cultivars of this ficus shrub tree even if you live in cooler climates. Species in following genera are listed in groups on our web pages: Australian Fig trees (Ficus spp. Here are some of the best ways to care for your ficus plants. Ficus species come in all shapes and sizes, from woody trees to little vines. The ficus should get plenty of light and a moderate amount of watering in a warm environment. Regular pruning of this type of ficus tree in the winter and spring can help to keep its height to a manageable level. Weeping fig, for example, is a shade tree that grows up to 60 feet tall and has a dense, rounded crown that spreads up to 100 feet wide. Either small or large, 16 inches to 3 feet (40 cm to 1 m), its gnarly bearing looks quite like a miniature tree, which is particularly ornamental. The shape of this specimen ficus tree is why it is also referred to as a ‘lollipop.’, The common fig tree belongs to the ficus family of plants. You can also choose tree-type ficus plants to grow indoors as houseplants. It should be placed in indirect sunlight and the soil should be kept moist. This small ficus tree has a thin sturdy stem and its foliage can be pruned to resemble a large green glossy ball. The Narrow Leaf fig (Ficus maclellandii ‘Alii’) is another species of ficus tree that grows well indoors. The genus Ficus consists of more than 800 species, many of which are desirable foliage plants. Unlike many types of trees in the ficus genus, the Sacred fig enjoys full sunshine to grow well. Ficus, (genus Ficus), genus of about 900 species of trees, shrubs, and vines in the family Moraceae, many of which are commonly known as figs. Ficus petiolaris is a popular bonsai species. Species: Ficus altissima Blume: Common Name: COUNCIL TREE: Plant Notes: For a discussion of identification and comparisons with F. benghalensis, see Barrett (1945). Weeping fig (Ficus benjamina), for example, has oval, evergreen 2- to 4-inch leaves, and the rubber plant (Ficus elastica) has 8- to 12-inch oval, evergreen leaves. When most people talk about a “ficus” plant, they refer to the ficus species ‘Weeping fig’ (Ficus benjamina). The fiddle leaf ficus is a tree type plant with the largest leaves of all from this genus. Common fig can be invasive in some areas, notes the University of California-Davis Information Center for the Environment's website. This type of ficus plant can be pruned to be an ornamental tree to provide plenty of shade in gardens. Ficus fruits come in several colors including yellowish-green, copper, dark purple and bronze. However, to grow the Mistletoe fig outdoors, it needs to be in a warm environment. The most important factors to care for your indoor ficus trees are the light, soil, and pruning. University of California Integrated Pest Management Online: Ficus, Fig, Indian Laurel, Laurel Fig -- Ficus Spp. Other Names: Fiddle Leaf Fig Tree, Ficus pandurata. For example, the ‘Starlight’ Weeping fig is a cultivar of the ‘Weeping fig’ and is a bushy type of tree plant that has small white and green leaves. As an indoor container plant, it remains under 10 feet tall. This compact tree has very small leaves that are curled up. This species is sensitive to low light and cold temperatures, so a grower must be cautious when growing the lyrata indoors. horticultural Ficus varieties are used for interiorscape houseplant décor and for outdoor landscape design. Both species are hardy in USDA zones 10b through 11. Ficus, also known as “fig,” is a group of more than 800 tropical and semitropical trees, shrubs and vines. Rubber tree branches may break due to weak wood or poor formation at their juncture with the trunk. As with indoor ficus plants, a ficus tree growing outdoors needs loamy soil that drains well. Pruning. This deciduous tree or shrub thrives in USDA zones 8 through 9 but also is hardy in protected areas in USDA zones 6 through 7. Ficus Species, Benjamin Fig, Chinese Banyan, Ficus Tree, Weeping Fig (Ficus benjamina) Also, you may want to grow them in large containers as their root system can affect building structures and sidewalks. Opuntia ficus-indica* 40 Indian fig Opuntia humifusa 42 Opuntia leucotricha 44 Opuntia microdasys 46 Bunny ears or Golden bristle cactus *Not a WoNS listed species SPECIES IDENTIFICATION INDEX Field Identification Guide Austrocylindropuntia, Cylindropuntia and Opuntia species 01. At 45 feet tall and 30 feet wide in most landscape settings, rubber trees have an oval canopy and irregular silhouette. Although this indoor ficus tree enjoys bright places, you should protect it from long periods of direct sunlight. An avid gardener, Evans has a Bachelor of Arts in political science from the University of New Hampshire, a Juris Doctor from Vermont Law School, and a personal trainer certificate from American Fitness Professionals and Associates. The Ficus elastica ‘Black Prince’ has dark burgundy thick shiny leaves. Taxa not yet included in identification key Ficus carica, Ficus henneana : Key to the species : 1: Climber, neither epiphytic nor strangling, climbing by adventitious roots: Ficus pumila: Trees or shrubs, sometimes epiphytic or strangling: 2: 2: It has a velvety smooth appearance. Many fig species have simple, smooth oval leaves. This is also a hardy type of ficus plant to grow outdoors. Ficus repens var. First, let’s look at some types of ficus trees that grow well outdoors. An identification key, illustrations, descriptions and habitats are provided. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. These grow together to form a small shrub-like tree that is very decorative. Small and eventually large branches die. Soil and watering. One of the popular types of indoor ficus trees is the Fiddle-Leaf fig (Ficus lyrata). Twenty-seven species and two subspecies of Ficus are reported from one study site in central Africa. Ficus stipulata Thunb. The Indian Laurel is a ficus tree that needs a warm humid environment. Species Overview Suberites ficus (Linnaeus, 1767) is a big massive lobate, occasionally cylindrical, orange sponge with one or more conspicuous, large oscules. The distinctive features of the Creeping fig are its small heart-shaped leaves and fast climbing growth. The Mistletoe fig has a spreading nature and you can use it to provide plenty of ground cover. Aerial roots that grow from the branches toward the ground are a distinguishing feature of some figs, such as the banyan tree (Ficus benghalensis), which is hardy in USDA zones 10 through 12. Or, you can train it to grow up walls or trellises like types of ivy. We take photos in habitat so that you can see how the plants look and grow in different seasons. Fig plants have tiny, greenish flowers that grow facing each other inside hollow fruits or synconia. Although it doesn’t tolerate frost well, it is hardy down to 34°F (1°C). Ficus scandens Lam. Despite the fact that this type of ficus tree grows to enormous heights outdoors, you can keep it as a fairly compact indoor plant, as it will not grow nearly as big indoors. Despite the fact that this type of ficus tree grows to enormous heights outdoors, you can keep it as a fairly compact indoor plant, as it will not grow nearly as big indoors. Characters for identification are explained. The tree’s fruit, which is pear-shaped, is actually a fleshy hollow receptacle, known technically as a synconium. The spreading habit of ficus fig trees also provides good shelter in your garden. The Sacred Fig (Ficus religiosa) species of ficus is a fast-growing type of tree that is well-suited to warm outdoor environments. In the right conditions, expect the plant to grow up to 10 ft. (3 m) tall. It is another popular species in cultivation and a great plant for covering walls. One interesting cultivar is the Ficus Emerald Green. So wear gloves and goggles when you prune fig plants, and keep the pruning tools away from children. Ficus pumila, Climbing or Creeping Fig. The Mistletoe fig (Ficus deltoidea) is classed as a perennial variety of ficus that has thick waxy delta-shaped leaves. Xanthomonas campestris: Purchase plants free of the disease. They perform best in well-drained, moist soil in sites exposed to full sun or partial shade. Of course, fig trees that are native to Middle Eastern and Mediterranean countries are well-known for producing delicious fig fruits. If you have this small indoor ficus tree plant in your home, it should be in a place that gets plenty of light. Ficus pumila var. The Rubber plant has large attractive leaves which can grow up to 12” (30 cm) long. Specialized wasps enter the fruits through a hole and pollinate the flowers, which produce tiny, seed-containing fruits. The distinctive feature of the Sacred fig is its heart-shaped leaves. 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