Phase-I (1658-68) What were the objectives of Aurangzeb’s Deccan policy? The main necessity of Aurangzeb now was to subdue and win over the large number of Hindu rajas, zamindars operating in the area. Latest Updates. In Deccan Aurangzeb failed to assess the situation realistically hence unable In 1681, when Aurangzeb went Deccan in pursuit of his rebel son, Prince Akbar, he first ordered his forces to fight against Sambhaji (the son and successor of Shivaji), meanwhile making renewed efforts to separate Bijapur and Golconda from the side of the Marathas. According to J.N. To contain the Marathas Aurangzeb invaded Aurangzeb, as viceroy of the Deccan, was desirous of effecting further expansion, but was prevented from fulfilling his objective owing to Shah Jahan’s opposition. Aurangzeb came to the Deccan in 1682 and remained in the Deccan till his death in 1707. The growing power of the Marathas and the suspicious attitude of the Deccan states towards the Mughals made Aurangzeb much more careful to adopt aggressive policy in the Deccan. Answer the following question in one or two words/ sentences: Why did the annexation of Bijapur and Golconda prove harmful for the Mughal empire? In the last video, we studied about the rule of Akbar, Jahangir and Shah Jahan. But up to 1681, Aurangzeb won on appreciable success in the Deccan. The Mughal Deccan policy started from Akbar’s period as Babur and Humayun were only concerned with the consolidation of North India which was a logical step.Akbar’s movements into the Deccan began in 1591 as he sent diplomatic missions to the Deccan states asking them to accept nominal sovereignty of the Mughal state which … Aurangzeb granted the Rajas of Mewar and Marwar high mansabs to gain their support. Aurangzeb’s dividing policy could not bring any beneficial result. Though, Aurangzeb could defeat his enemies, he could not get complete control over them. Jai Singh had suggested that the Maratha problem could not be solved without a forward policy in the Deccan — a conclusion to which Aurangzeb finally came 20 years later. territories north and south of Konkan. The Deccan Policy of Aurangzeb was very aggresive. During the time of Aurangzeb the Deccan situation was completely different due to the rise of Marathas under the brave leadership of Shivaji. For more than a decade, Aurangzeb appeared to be in full control. RAJPUT POLICY OF AURANGZEB. This was because Prince Shah Alam, the Governor of the Deccan for eleven years, was lacking in vigor and enterprise. This phase saw the capture of Bijapur (1686) and Golconda (1687). captured. Aurangzeb’s accession in 1658 gave him an opportunity to fulfill his aggressive designs with regard to Deccan. Aurangzeb’s accession in 1658 gave him an opportunity to fulfill his aggressive designs with regard to Deccan. The three powers in the Deccan with which he had to deal were the Marathas and the two Shiah states of Bijapur and Golkunda. Adil Shahi dynasty. The Deccan policy of the Mughals started from the reign of Akbar, who conquered Khandesh and Berar. Aurangzeb also felt that the existence of these states enabled the Marathas to enrich themselves. misjudged the strength of Marathas. VIEW SOLUTION. Take this tax from the Deccan. In 1637, Aurangzeb married the Safavid princess, Dilras Banu Begum, also known as Rabia-ud … This video from Kriti Educational Videos gives a brief description about Aurungzeb and his Deccan policies. The object of his Deccan wars was to conquer the States of Bijapur and Golconda and crush the power of the Marathas. Jahangir fought against Malik Amber of Ahmadnagar. After the death of Maharaja Jaswant Singh of Marwar, he declared Indersingh as the new ruler of Marwar. Besides, the Emperor was prevented from giving whole-hearted attention to affairs in the Deccan because of his pre-occupations with his wars with the north­western frontiers tribes, on one hand and the Rajputs on the other. His objects were two-fold, viz., to crush Sambhuji and to overpower the rebel prince. In 1681, when Aurangzeb went Deccan in pursuit of his rebel son, Prince Akbar, he first ordered his forces to fight against Sambhaji (the son and successor of Shivaji), meanwhile making renewed efforts to separate Bijapur and Golconda from the side of the Marathas. The extension of the empire was also one of the purposes of Aurangzeb. The death of Shivaji in 1680 brought about a change in the Deccan situation and the Emperor lost no time in taking full advantage of it. religious policy of Aurangzeb andhis attitude towards the Rajputs, the Sikhs and the Deccan states ar inse­ tances of lack of Judgement, tact and uisconcieved plan­ ning. In this phase Sambhaji the son and successor of Shivaji was captured and It is believed that extinction of the states of Bijapur and Golconda was a prior necessity for the destruction of the power of the Marathas in the Deccan. His drive against the Marathas involved him in heavy expenses and brought him no success. It was led by Jai Singh.The Mughals failed to lay siege on Bijapur in 1665 and The pious ruler of an Islamic state replaced the seasoned statesman of a mixed kingdom; Hindus became subordinates, not colleagues, and the Marathas, like the southern Muslim kingdoms, were marked for annexation rather than containment.The first overt sign of change was the reimposition of the jizya, or … Advertisement Remove all ads. Punjab and Bengal were land of river network, cash cow of Delhi rulers. Aurangzeb’s Jijiya tax was aimed at pure political by virtue of not being religious, because he wanted to mobilize Muslims against Marathas and Rajputs. Aurangzeb marched into Marwar, occupied Jodhpur and imposed Jaziya on the Rajputs. Log in. The three powers in the Deccan with which he had to deal were the Marathas and the two Shiah states of Bijapur and Golkunda. ... third son Akbar left the Mughal court along with a few Muslim Mansabdar supporters and joined Muslim rebels in the Deccan. 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